The Nazi doctors and the Nuremberg code: Human rights in human experimentation.. The Nuremberg Code was specifically set up to protect the human subjects in which were being used for research. It is basically a set of 10 ethical guidelines for human experimentation. Human consent is needed and should be 100% voluntary. Currently this is the most impactful and influential aspect on the medical field, especially on the laws pertaining to medical research. Listed below are the ten ethical guidelines which should be met:
2.Must be for the greater good of the Society
3.Tested previously on animals (this I do not always agree with 100%)
4.Conducted without harm on mental, physical or injury
5.Refrain from research if believed to cause death or disability
6.The risks should never exceed the benefits
7.The facility being conducted in must protect the subjects
8.Conducted by qualified scientists
9.Subject should always be at liberty to stop and refuse
10.Scientist in charge must be prepared to stop and terminate the experiment if death, disability or injury is suspected.
In my opinion, I think this was a difficult thing to enforce due to many people not being in favor of it and failing to follow all of the rules. When one look at incidents happening today, one may find many who are not fully aware of all of the risks one could possibly incur. This apparently made away from the differentiation between the rights and benefits of Germans and Jews. It also opened scenes for one to notice the difference between a German and a Nazi. This law made others follow behind the ones who could give consent and ones who is not fully able to.
I n my opinion, i believe that the medical community is seen much differently than it was viewed in those days. I think there is much more trust due to code of ethics, professional standards and expectations put in place. Although it medical field is still a business, it is not solely focusing on monetary means but also focusing on treating the patient. If Henrietta was alive today, I believe that her case would be given a platform but also settled out of court with no one knowing the monetary outcome
Annas, G. J., & Grodin, M. A. (1995). The Nazi doctors and the Nuremberg code: Human rights in human experimentation. New York: Oxford Univ. Press.
Bosch, W. J., & Mazal Holocaust Collection. (1970). Judgment on Nuremberg: American attitudes toward the major German war-crime trials. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.
Rothman, D. J., & American Osler Society. (1996). Other people’s bodies: Human experimentation on the 50th anniversary of the Nuremberg Code. Place of publication not identified: American Osler Society.
R4: professor question. Answer with 50 words minimum.
One final question, with regard to the Nuremberg code, why do you think the code was never adopted by the U.S. and instituted as practice? Any thoughts?